Iskandar M. Lapanjang, Bambang S. Purwoko, Hariyadi Hariyadi, Sri Wilarso, Maya Melati


The study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of Arbuscular Mycorrhizae Fungi (AMF) to make a symbiosis with physic nuts under drought stress condition. The experiment was carried out in plastic house in Kota Palu, Central Sulawesi, from October 2008 to January 2009. The experiment used completely randomized block design with 3 factors and 3 replications. The first factor was AMF type i.e. without AMF, AMF Glomus sp-1p, AMF Acaulospora sp-1p, and mixture of Glomus sp-1p and Acaulospora sp-1p. The second factor was the provenances of physic nut i.e. Palu, NTB, IP-1A, and IP-1P. The third factor was soil water content i.e. 80 and 40% of field capacity. The results showed that the application of AMF resulted in better growth of all provenances especially ecotype IP-1P, which was sensitive to drought, compared to control (without AMF). At 40% field capacity, mixture of Glomus sp-1p and Acaulospora sp-1p. was more effective compared to single AMF in improving plant growth. The highest AMF infection was found in ecotype Palu inoculated with mixture of Glomus sp-1p and Acaulospora sp-1p.


Key words: infection level, Glomus, Acaulospora

Full Text:



Brundrett, M., N. Bougher, B. Dell, T. Grove, Malajck. 1994. Working With Mycorrhizas In Forestry and Agriculture. International Mycorrhizal Workshop, China.

Davies, F.T. Jr. and R. Linderman. 1992. Mycorrhiza and repeated drought exposure effect drought resistance and extraradical hyphae development of pepper plants independent of plant size nutrient content. J. Plant phisol. 19: 289-294.

Delvian. 2003. Keanekaragaman cendawan mikoriza arbuskula (CMA) di hutan pantai dan potensi pemanfaatannya. Studi kasus di hutan cagar alam Leuweung Sancang Kabupaten Garut, Jawa Barat. Disertasi. IPB.

Koide, R.T., R.P.Schreiner. 1992. Regulation of the vesicular-arbuscular mycorhiza symbiosis. Annu.Rev.Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 43: 557 -581.

Minerdi, D., V. Bianciotto, P. Biofante. 2002. Endosymbiotic bacteria in mycorrhizal fungi: from their morphology to geonomic sequences. Plant and Soil 244: 211-219.

Schelkle, M., and R.L. Peterson. 1996. Suppression of common root pathogens by helper bacteria and ectomycorrhizal fungi in vitro. Mycorrhiza. 6: 481-485.

Setiadi, Y. 2000. Status penelitian pemanfaatan fungi mikoriza arbuskular untuk rehabilitasi lahan terdegradasi. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Mikoriza I. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hutan dan Konservasi Alam. Bogor. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kehutanan dan Perkebunan. Depertemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan.

Sieverding, E. 1991.Vesicular arbuscular Mycorrhiza Management in Tropical Agrosystems. Deutsche Gessellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ), Eschborn, Germany.

Smith, S.E. and D. Read. 2008. Mycorhiza Sybiosis. Academic Press. New York.

Sylvia, D.M. 2004. Overview of mycorrhizal sybiosis: Based on a chapter in Principle and Application of Soil Microbiology. http: // WWW. Forest. qld.gov.au / resadv/ Research/ qfri3.htm


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Iskandar M. Lapanjang, Bambang S. Purwoko, Hariyadi Hariyadi, Sri Wilarso, Maya Melati

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Editorial Office: Jurusan Agronomi dan Hortikultura, agrotropika C Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Lampung. Jln. Sumantri Brojonegoro No 1 Gedung Meneng, Bandar Lampung 35145, Indonesia

All publications by Jurnal Agrotropika is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License