ANAEROBIC DIGESTER VARIATION FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION ON COFFEE WASTEWATER TREATMENT

Elida Novita, Hendra Andiananta Pradana, Sri Wahyuningsih, Bambang Mahraenanto, Moh Wawan sujarwo, Moh. salman A. Hafidz

Abstract


Wet coffee processing methods will produce waste water containing organic matter. The high content of organic matter can be utilized as biogas through the anaerobic process. Biogas becomes renewable energy source. Anaerobic digesters construction can affect removal process of wastewater pollution and biogas quantity. The research aim’s was determine the performance biogas production of digester construction on conventional digester, CSTR and UASB from coffee waste water.  The conventional digester worked without temperature control system, a UASB digester, and CSTR digester worked with temperature control system. Biomass volume was about 5 L with 35 days incubation time. The research result showed variation of biogas production on each digester. Based on the feeding variations, UASB has a stable performance with 83.57 ml/day of average biogas production.  It has also highest remediation efficiency of COD, BOD and C/N with 85.00±0.34 %, 84.40%± 5.66 and 97.78± 0.57.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aslanzadeh, S., Rajendran, K., Jeihanipour, A., & Taherzadeh, M. J. (2013). The effect of effluent recirculation in a semi-continuous two-stage anaerobic digestion system. Energies, 6(6), 2966–2981.

Basset, N., Vidal, C., Coll, A., Fernández, I., & Dosta, J. (2016). AnMBR technologies ( CSTR and UASB type ) for winery wastewater treatment at low temperatures. In SWWS (p. 12).

Bombardiere, Y. E. (2006). The potential of anaerobic digestion technology to treat coffee waste in Huatusco, Mexico. Ohio University.

Cruz-Salomón, A., Ríos-Valdovinos, E., Pola-Albores, F., Lagunas-Rivera, S., Meza-Gordillo, R., & Ruíz-Valdiviezo, V. M. (2018). Evaluation of hydraulic retention time on treatment of coffee processing wastewater (CPWW) in EGSB bioreactor. Sustainability (Switzerland), 10(83),

Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan, K. P. (2016). Statistik Perkebunan Indonesia Komoditas Kopi 2015 - 2017. Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan Kementerian Pertanian.

Fontana, A., Patrone, V., Puglisi, E., Morelli, L., Bassi, D., Garuti, M., dan Cappa, F. (2016). Effects of geographic area, feedstock, temperature, and operating time on microbial communities of six full-scale biogas plants. Bioresource Technology, 218, 980–990.

Hasanudin, U., & Haryanto, A. (2017). Karakteristik pengolahan limbah cair pabrik minyak kelapa sawit dalam biorekator cigar semi kontinyu. Teknik Pertanian Lampung, 6(2), 81–88.

Ho, L. S. H. (2010). First stage ad single stage continuously stirred tank anaerobic digestion of synthetic coplex wastewater and piggery wasterwater (with emphasis on thermoplhilic temperature. Murdoch University.

Junior, E. G. . b c, Jesus, R. O. . d, Ilva, A. C. ., Camargo, J. R. . c, Daniletto, J. R. ., & Coelho, E. P. D. . f. (2014). Comparative study on efficiency of biodigesters upflow anaerobic sludge blanket treating brewery effluent. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 38, 157–162.

Leite, A. F., Janke, L., Lv, Z., Harms, H., Richnow, H. H., & Nikolausz, M. (2015). Improved monitoring of semi-continuous anaerobic digestion of sugarcane waste: Effects of increasing organic loading rate on methanogenic community dynamics. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 16(10), 23210–23226.

Luz, F. C., Cordiner, S., Manni, A., Mulone, V., & Rocco, V. (2017). Anaerobic digestion of liquid fraction coffee grounds at laboratory scale: evaluation of the biogas yield. Energy Procedia, 105, 1096–1101.

Marsolek, M. D., Cummings, P. K., Wayne, M., & Vallejos, C. (2012). Wastewater treatment for a coffee processing mill in nicaragua : a service-learning design project. International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering, 7(1), 69–92.

Mayrowani, H. (2013). Kebijakan penyediaan teknologi pascapanen kopi dan masalah pengembangannya. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi, 31(1), 31–50.

Muradin, M., & Foltynowicz, Z. (2014). Potential for producing biogas from agricultural waste in rural plants in Poland. Sustainability (Switzerland), 6(8), 5065–5074.

Nabarlatz, D., Arenas, L., Herrera, D., & Niño, D. (2013). Biogas production by anaerobic digestion of wastewater from palm oil mill industry. Latinoamerican Journal of Oil, Gas, and Alternative Energy, 5(2), 73–84.

Novita, E. (2016). Biodegradability simulation of coffee wastewater using instant coffee. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, 9, 217–229.

Novita, E., Wahyuningsih, S., & Andiananta Pradana, H. (2018). Variation of input composition of anaerobic process on coffee wastewater rreatment. Jurnal Agroteknologi, 12(01), 43–57.

Prastowo, B., Karmawati, E., Rubijo, Siswanto, Indrawanto, C., & Munarso, J. (2010). Budidaya dan Pasca Panen KOPI. Jakarta: Pusat Penelitian dan Pembengan Perkebunan.

Rajagopal, R., Saady, N., Torrijos, M., Thanikal, J., & Hung, Y.-T. (2013). Sustainable agro-food industrial wastewater treatment using high rate anaerobic process. Water, 5(1), 292–311.

Schunurer, A., & Jarvis, A. (2009). Microbiological Handbook for Biogas Plants. Waste Management. Swedish: Avfall Sverige and Swedish Gas Centre (SGC).

Sudjarmoko, B. (2013). Prospek pengembangan industrialisasi kopi Indonesia. Sirinov, 1(3), 99–110.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23960/jtep-l.v8i3.164-174

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Hendra Andiananta Pradana

Web
Analytics JTEP Stats

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.