IDENTIFIKASI SENYAWA ANTIMIKROBA ALAMI PANGAN PADA EKSTRAK KULIT BUAH NAGA MERAH DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN GC-MS [Identification of Food Natural Antimicrobe Compound from Red Dragon Fruit Peel Extract by GC-MS]

Dewi Sartika, Sutikno Sutikno, Neti Yuliana, Syarifah R M

Abstract


The peel of red dragon fruit have a natural antimicrobe potency. This research have aim to explore the peel of red dragon fruit as an antimicrobe with used GC-MS. The result of research showed that content of the peel of red dragon fruit was dominated by ascorbic acid 2,6-dihexadecanoate (26,56%), oleic acid (24,08%), estra-1,3,4(10) trien-17 beta-ol (9,63%), 9,12-octa deca dienoic acid (Z,Z) (8,27%), and organic acid compound, phenol, flavonoid, esther (31,46%) that had an antimicrobe potency. The aplication of the red dragon fruit peel on Tongkol fish that was contaminated with E coli, showed that, there is a decrease of E coli as much as 1.47 x 109 koloni/g, significantly. The conclusion of research was the peel of red dragon fruit have a natural antimicrobe potency.


Keywords


GC-MS; natural antimicrobe; red dragon fruit peel

Full Text:

PDF

References


Choo, W. S. and W. K. Yong. 2011. Antioxidant properties of two species of Hylocereus fruits. Advances in Ap-plied Science Research. 2(3):418-425.

Fairudz, A. dan K. Nisa. 2015. Pengaruh serat pangan terhadap kadar kolesterol penderita overweight. Majority. 4(8):121-126.

Jamilah, B., C. E. Shu, M. Kharidah, M. A. Dzulkify, and A. Noranizan. 2011. Physicochemical characteristics of red pitaya (Hylocereus polyrhizus) peel. International Food Research J. 18(1): 279-286.

Nuria, M. C., A. Faizatun., dan Sumantri. 2010. Uji antibakteri ekstrak etanol daun jarak pagar (Jatropha cuircas L) terhadap bakteri Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, dan Salmonella typhi ATCC 1408. J. Ilmu–ilmu Pertanian. 5(2):26 –37.

Nurliyana, R. 2010. Antioxidant study of pulps and peels of pragon pruits: a comparative study. International Food Research J. 17(2):367-375.

Nurmahani, M. M., A. Osman, A. Hamid, M. Ghazali, and M. S. P. Dek. 2012. Short communication antibacterial property of Hylocereus polyrhizus and Hylocereus undatus peel extracts. International Food Research J. 19(1):77-84.

Praveena, Y. S. N. and P. Padmini. 2011. Antibacterial activities of mycotoxins from newly isolated filamentous fungi. International J. of Plant, Animal, and Enviromental Science.1(1):8-13.

Praveena, Y. S. N., R. Jasmine, and D. Estherlydia. 2014. Comparative study of phytochemical screening and antioxidant capacities of Vinegar made from peel and fruit of pineapple (Ananas Comosus L.). food chemistry and food processing, loyola college, chennai. International J. of Pharma and Bio Sciences. 5(4): 394-403.

Purnomo, B. E., F. Hamzah, dan V. S. Jo-han. 2016. Pemanfaatan kulit buah naga merah (Hylocereus Polyrhizus) sebagai teh herbal. JOM Faperta UNRI. 3(2): 1-10.

Riley, L. W., R. S Remis, S. D. Helgerson, H. B McGee, J. G. Wells, B. R. Davis, R. J. Hebert, H. M. Olcott, L. M. Johnson, N. T. Hargrett, P. A. Blake, and M. L. Cohen. 1983. Hemorrhagic colitis associated with a rare Escherichia coli serotype. The New England J. of Medicine. 308(12):681–685.

Sandhar, H. K., B. Kumar, S. Prasher, P. Tiwari, M. Salhan, and P. Sharma. 2011. A review of phytochemistry and pharmacology of flavonoids. In-ternational Pharmaceutica Sciencia. 1(1):25-41.

Sartika, D., S. Budiarti, and M. Sudarwan-to. 2012. Phage Fr38 treatment on sprague dawley rat inferred from blood parameters and organ systems. HAYATI J. of Bioscience. 19(3):131-136.

Taneja C., N. Haque, G. Osler, F. A. Shor, S. Zilber, O. P. Kyan, and C. K. Reyes. 2010. Clinical and economic outcomes in patiens with community acquired Staphylococcus aureus. J. Hospital Medicine. 9(5):528-534.

Tao, N., Y. J. Liu, and M. L. Zhang. 2009. Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of essential oil from the peel of bingtang sweet orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck). International J. of Science and Technology. 4(7):394-403.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23960/jtihp.v24i2.67-76

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.